Article II of the proposed Treaty for the United States of Africa creates the African Convention. Article III stipulates the procedure for the election of delegates to the federal convention.
1) Upon the ratification of this Treaty for the United States of Africa (Unification Treaty), the African people shall elect and convene a constitution-making body for the sole and express purpose of formulating a federal plan of government for a United States of Africa.
2) That constitution-making body shall be the Convention for the United States of Africa, to be known also as the African Convention.
3) Reporting to the African people through the state legislatures, the African Convention will draft a plan of government for a United States of Africa based on the principle of government of the people, by the people and for the people.
4) The African Convention will invite and incorporate in the proposed African Constitution the input of the African people.
1) (a) Each state shall delegate to the African Convention one male and one female representative, which two delegates per state will be democratically chosen by the electorate.
(b) Candidates for the Convention shall:
(i) Have domiciled in Africa for at least ten consecutive years so as to be in possession of a thorough familiarity with problems bedeviling the ordinary African citizen,
(ii) Have no criminal record,
(iii) Declare all their assets to their respective national election commissions together with documentation and explanations on how they acquired all their wealth,
(iv) Be neither sitting nor former public officials and shall not have or have had other direct relationship with any current African government that would compromise their independence,
(v) Not be current or former employees of the African Union, its predecessor inclusive, or have or have had a direct relationship with the African Union that would influence their decisions as delegates, and
(vi) Not have or have had a direct relationship with overseas governments, key world organizations or foreign corporations that would impact their voting on proposals for Africa's international policy.
(c) Each state election commission shall obtain, verify, certify and submit to the African Union their state's elected delegates' complete and accurate curricula vitae (CVs).
2) (a) As necessary, the states will enact special legislation for gender balance in the election of delegates as provided for above in 1 (a) of this article. List A on the ballot will be for male candidates and list B will be for female candidates, with the electorate being asked to choose one from each.
(b) The states will encourage women to stand in the election for delegates to the Convention. They will waive candidate registration (filing) fees for all female candidates.
3) (a) In all the states party to this Unification Treaty, the election of delegates to the Convention will be conducted in three phases:
(i) Phase One will be the Local Ballot,
(ii) Phase Two will be the Regional Ballot (east, west, north, south and central blocs of the localities or equivalent administrative units), and
(iii) Phase Three will be the State Ballot.
(b) The winners of the Local Ballot shall proceed to the Regional Ballot and compete with their counterparts from other counties. Those elected in the Regional Ballot will take part in the State Ballot, which will produce the required two delegates to the African Convention.
4) Statewide candidates for the Convention who come in the second place shall be next in line for succession should a delegate vacancy be occasioned by a disciplinary action, a resignation or an emergency, in which event the respective state legislature shall appoint without debate to the Convention the runner-up or the candidate who won the third place if the second is not available.